Trump’s Impeachment: How Does Impeachment Work?

Listen to Neil McGlashan and Elise Kennedy talking through the impeachment process in America. With Trump’s inquiry just starting and the first vote on how the inquiry should proceed getting underway, they discuss Trump’s ongoing inquiry while looking back at previous Presidents who have faced impeachment.


See below how Trump’s impeachment inquiry is playing out in comparison to Bill Clinton’s, Richard Nixon’s and Andrew Johnson’s:


EN4News International Bulletin: 31/10/19

International Correspondent Christopher Lamb shares the latest International Headlines!

Body of British backpacker Amelia Bambridge found at sea, say Cambodian Police.

The body of British backpacker Amelia Bambridge has been found at sea, Cambodian police say.


The 21-year old Worthing student’s body was discovered by fishermen near the Thai border over 60 miles away from where she went missing. Bambridge who was on a gap-year was last seen at a beach party on Koh Rong island at 3am last week (24 October). 

“The body is being transported to a marina from the Thai border. It will take two hours to reach the mainland,” says Chouin Nairn, police chief of the Preah Sihanouk province.

The Lucie Blackman Trust, which has been helping the Bambridge family throughout the past week, confirmed Amelia’s body had been recovered.

They tweeted: “We are aware of the very tragic news from Cambodia. Amelia Bambridge’s body has been found at sea.

“We are assisting her family. Please respect the family’s privacy at this difficult time.”

More to follow…

Luct Trust tweet.png

Source:Twitter (Photo: Family hand-out/FB)

Pakistan train fire claims over 70 victims

More than 70 passengers on a train travelling between Karachi and Rawalpindi in Pakistan have been killed in a horrific fire in one of the country’s worst rail disasters.

The blaze was originally caused by a gas cylinder explosion, whilst being used by passengers who were cooking breakfast, with the fire then spreading between three different carriages.

According to local officials, the majority of the victims died trying to flee the burning train, with a further 40 people suffering injuries.

The accident occurred near the town of Rahim Yar Khan in the south of Punjab province.

Credit – BBC

Three carriages were set alight, officals say, with 54 people in the 11th carriage and 78 each in number 12 and 13, most of which were travelling to one of Pakistan’s largest annual religious festivals.

Some of the bodies were believed to be so badly burnt that the victims could not be identified, according to District deputy commissioner, Jamil Ahmed, with several reports blaming an electrical fault on board for the fire as people say they believe a short-circuit caused the blaze.

On Twitter, Prime Minister, Imran Khan said he was “deeply saddened by the terrible tragedy”, adding that he has ordered an “immediate inquiry.”

In Pakistan, travelling by train is the most common form of transport as not many people can afford cars or bikes. The tracks connect the length of the country.

Although some trains have dedicated dining carriages, most are low-quality and often overcrowded, meaning passengers choose to bring their own amenities and cooking equipment for long journeys.

The security is also very sparse so locals take advantage of this by bringing items that are usually frowned upon on-board, such as cooking stoves and oil canisters, items that are believed to have caused the explosion.

So far, this has been recorded as Pakistan’s worst rail disaster for over a decade. The country has a history of incidents such as this and fatalities are usually high due to the cramped nature of trains and the inability to inform others when a fire breaks out

In 2007, at least 56 people were killed and more than 120 injured in a crash near Mehrabpur and in 2005, more than 130 people were killed when three trains collided in Sindh province in one of the country’s worst rail disasters.


Australian Authorities find Million Dollars Worth of Meth in Sriracha Bottles

By Caitlin Gallagher and Heather Miller


Australian authorities have made four arrests linking to the criminal network thought to have smuggled around 400kg of methamphetamine into the country in 768 Sriracha bottles.

An air cargo shipment of the hot sauce contained a potential street value of 300 million Australian dollars’ worth of the drug.
State Crime Commander Stuart Smith spoke to the press regarding the inquiry into the drug smuggling operation.

“This has been a complex investigation and we know the methylamphetamine in this import was headed for a clandestine lab in the Sydney Metropolitan area for the extraction process to occur.”

An estimated 9.6 tonnes of crystal meth are consumed in Australia yearly. The drug releases the brains stress hormone norepinephrine and ‘feel-good’ chemicals dopamine and serotonin.

Officials are aware of the “insatiable demand” for illegal substances with the country suffering a “serious epidemic” of drug use.
Criminal organisations are not naive to smuggling process with substances being brought in through items such as stereo speakers, raw cowhides and commercial refrigerators.

Methamphetamine or commonly known as crystal meth is a super strength amphetamine stimulant.
It’s street name ‘ice’ originates from the drugs white or colourless crystals which can be crushed into powder.

Twitter to ban all political advertising worldwide

Twitter has announced its plans to stop all political advertising globally. Jack Dorsey the co-founder and CEO of the app went online yesterday evening to state that:

“We believe political message reach should be earned, not bought.”

Twitter’s ban will be enforced on 22 November.

The announcement has caused many to turn to Facebook to seek that Mark Zuckerberg implements the same.

Even Hilary Clinton being amongst those questioning the Facebook founders’ actions.

However earlier this month the Facebook chairman ruled out a ban on political ads.

During a conference call with journalists Zuckerberg said:

“In a democracy, I don’t think it’s right for private companies to censor politicians or the news.”

Whenever you agree with Dorsey or Zuckerberg it will certainly be interesting to see how these implementations will affect the future of politics.

International News: Lunchtime Headlines Thursday 24th of October

Catch up with the latest International news with our International News Editor Elise Kennedy.





The Chilean Protests Explained

Chile is currently facing the country’s worst violence in almost thirty years, with protests in major cities against the high cost of living and inequality. The Chilean President, Sebastian Piñera, has declared a state of emergency in the country and some parts have been issued with curfews.

Throughout the week the protests have turned violent between police and the public, with police using tear gas, water cannons and rubber bullets against protesters. Reports say 18 people have died since the start of the protesting last week.

Looting of supermarkets and burning of petrol stations have been frequent throughout the protests. The majority of protests have been calling for the resignation of Piñera

What started the protests?

The protest started as a student-led demonstration against the rising public transport fares.

The Chilean government announced earlier this month that metro fares would rise by 3.5% during rush hour.  This provoked high school students to jump the barriers at the metro stations promoting it on social media using “#EvasionMasiva”, which led to viral videos on Twitter showing the students jumping the barrier.

As fare-dodging increased, metro stations closed and police tried to stop students by force.


Are metro prices the only reason they’re protesting?


No. The inequality felt between lower and middle-class Chilean’s are the main reason for the unrest.  Growing frustration with increased living costs, low wages and pensions, lack of educational rights and a poor public health system. The increased metro prices were merely the tipping point.


What has been the government’s response?


  1. The government has since reversed its plans to increase the metro fares.
  2. President Piñera has met opposition leaders and called to raise the minimum wage from $413 to $482 per month.
  3. The President has also called for a slight tax raise for low-income families and an increased tax rate on anyone earning over  $11,000
  4. The Chilean government responded to the protests by deploying armed soldiers and police into the streets- the first time it has been done since the end of the Chilean dictatorship in 1990

Video courtesy of Harrison Brown’s Instagram Story Highlights from hblifelens



EN4 News spoke to Harrison Brown from Glasgow who is currently travelling in South America and witnessed the protests in Chile:


Harrison: We are travelling for 2 months around South America!  We were staying at my friends, he lives on the main street where it was all happening so we saw everything from there and when we were walking around. We got tear gassed about 5 times, we saw the riot police guarding metro stations etc and they chased us down some streets at some points. I think the protesting has gone too far, there are ways of getting your points across without violence, the police are just following orders. I think that the riots will have to cause change, if they don’t, unfortunately, it’ll just get worse rather than better!

Turkey offensive explained: Latest updates and international reaction

Latest Updates

Turkish armed forces launched an attack on Kurdish forces, occupying areas of northern Syria, on Wednesday after Trump pulled US forces out of the Turkish Syrian border.

Today there are reports of continuous fighting across the Turkish and Syrian borders leaving tens of thousands of people having to flee their homes. The Syrian Democratic Forces are standing their ground but without their US allies they are outnumbered.

The President of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, said the purpose of the attack was to create “safe zones” to clear out Kurdish militant groups. Erdogan says these zones will house displaced Syrian refugees that are currently residing across Europe.

The EU have said Erdogan’s plans will not help the refugee problem and can do more harm than good.

“It is unlikely that a so-called ‘safe zone’ in north-east Syria, as envisaged by Turkey, would satisfy international criteria for refugee return as laid down by UNHCR. The EU maintains its position that refugee and IDP returns to their places of origin must be safe, voluntary and dignified when conditions allow.”

Erdogan has responded to this by threatening to release over 3 million refugees across Europe if his assault is critiscised.

The Kurdish Red Crescent have reported that 7 civilians have died in the attack so far and nineteen are critically injured.

The number of Kurdish fighters killed is still unknown with Erdogan claiming over 100 fighters are dead and Syrian Observatory for Human Rights saying 16 have been killed so far.

Who are the Kurds?

The Kurds are an ethnic group from the Middle East living across the countries of Iraq, Syria, Armenia, Turkey, and Iran.
Due to oppression and human rights violations, the Kurds have formed a variety of groups to seek rights offered to other ethnic groups.

The Kurdish groups Turkey have targeted were influential allies with US forces in the fight against the Islamic State. Due to their effort in the fight, the Kurds have been thrust into the western spotlight influencing civilians from Europe and the US to join their fight.

The YPG, the Kurdish Peoples Protection Units, and, the YPJ, Women’s protection unit, an all-female militia, along with other smaller groups joined forces in 2015, led primarily by the YPG, forming the Syrian Democratic Forces to fight IS.


Why the conflict?

The YPG, the Kurdish Peoples Protection Units, formed in Syria in 2004 and were one of the main militias teaming up with the US military. Turkey views the YPG as an extension of the PKK, a Turkish-Kurdish rebel group fighting for autonomy since the 1980s as seen in the timeline. Turkey therefore classes the YPG as a terrorist group and in turn the SDF as a military threat.


International Reaction

The US is stuck in the middle of the conflict as an ally of both Turkey and the SDF. The assault by Turkey took place only after US troops were pulled out of the same area which is now being attacked. The US now has a conflict of interest. The SDF has reached out to the US and appealed for “No-Fly zone” to be put in place but the US has not granted their their request. Trump told reporters this morning when asked why he was not helping his Kurdish allies “They didn’t help us with Normandy.”










Sect. Mike Pompeo stated yesterday that the US did not give Turkey the “Greenlight.” Whilst President Trump tweeted yesterday only referring to the two IS militants that were captured in Syria known as “The Beatles.”


The EU urges Turkey to halt their attack as the High Representative made a statement yesterday on the behalf of the EU.

“The EU calls upon Turkey to cease the unilateral military action. Renewed armed hostilities in the north-east will further undermine the stability of the whole region, exacerbate civilian suffering and provoke further displacements. Prospects for the UN-led political process to achieve peace in Syria will be more difficult.”

Scotland’s Reaction

Scottish Solidarity with Kurdistan took to the streets in Edinburgh today to protest the Turkish Offensive. EN4 News spoke to, Saint Marcos, a Kurdish protester about his stance and Turkeys motives behind the attack.

The lead Protester from, Scottish Solidarity with Kurdistan, pleaded that the world needed to take action in response to Turkeys attack.


Hong Kong-based police tracker app responds to removal from App Store

The creator of a Hong Kong-based app has claimed that Apple removing their product is a ploy to suppress their freedom.

Born out of the ongoing protests against the country’s extradition bill, was designed to provide a real-time depiction of police and protestors in a style similar to Google Maps.

However, Apple claim that the app has been used to “target and ambush police”, which the developers have denied.

In a statement on their Twitter account HKmap said: “It is clearly a political decision to suppress freedom and human rights in Hong Kong.”

They also claimed that there is “zero evidence” to support CSTCB’s [Cyber Security and Technology Bureau] accusation that the app threatens public safety.

This isn’t the first time Apple has come to blows with as they initially rejected it on October 2 as a result of concerns that it enabled Hong Kong nationals to evade the police. It was then approved on October 7.

Apple has said in a statement that they were forced to act after being contacted by their customers in Hong Kong.

Apple said that the app has been used to “target and ambush police”, “threaten public safety”, and “criminals have used it to victimise residents” in vulnerable areas.

They have also cited the violation of guidelines and local laws as reasoning for their decision.

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