International Insight

Joanna Hampson brings you the latest EN4 international news brief for Tuesday October 23.

Here are today’s top stories.

  • The killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi was allegedly planned days in advance. The Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan revealed he has strong evidence to suggest Khashoggi was killed in a premeditated murder at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul on the 2nd of October. In his address this Tuesday, to the MP’s of his ruling party, President Erdogan confirmed that 18 people had been arrested in Saudi Arabia over the case, but is yet to release further information regarding the details of the evidence. For live updates from the investment conference in Saudi Arabia head to the Guardian.


  • The world’s longest sea-crossing bridge has finally been opened in Zhuhai, China. Chinese President Xi Jinping has officially opened the bridge, which connects Hong Kong to Macau and the mainland Chinese city of Zhuhai, spanning 55km (34 miles) of water. The $20 billion bridge took nine years to build while incurring major delays and cost overruns. To watch the video ‘flying over the world’s longest sea bridge’ head to the BBC.


  • Poland’s first openly gay politician has said progressive policies can win in the countries local elections. After the ruling Law and Justice party suffered setbacks in local elections at the weekend, Robert Biedroń who stepped down as mayor of Słupsk to launch his own pro-European, “pro-democratic” movement, has now said that progressives can win. Biedroń’s own political trajectory, as a young, former LGBT activist who was elected to the Sejm in 2011, strides towards a modern Poland, advancing on the common view of the Catholic country. The Guardian report on the advancements of the upcoming elections in more detail on their website.


  • Donald Trump has warned that the US will bolster its nuclear arsenal to put pressure on Russia and China. Speaking to reporters, the President repeated his belief that Russia has violated the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty, which he has threatened to leave. Russia continues to deny these allegations.

In Business


  • UK based vacuum cleaner manufacturer, Dyson, is set to build its new electric car in Singapore. The factory will break ground in Singapore later this year with the first car scheduled to roll off the production line in 2021. Dyson has said Singapore was chosen for the project based on the availability of engineering talent, regional supply chains and proximity to some key target markets. With a vast budget of £2 billion committed to the plant, Dyson will be focussing largely on research and development and test track facilities.


  • Co-founder of the Benetton clothing firm, Gilberto Benetton, has died at the age of 77. Benetton founded United Colors of Benetton in Italy, with brothers Luciano and Carlo and sister Giuliana, in the 1960s. Considered as one of the most powerful families in Italy, Benetton himself is credited with diversifying the clothing company into a multi-billion euro giant. United Colors of Benetton is known for its provocative advertising campaigns which have previously featured images of prisoners sentenced to death in America and, more recently, displayed images of migrants being rescued from the Mediterranean.

Second man named in Sailsbury attacks investigation


A second man has been named for suspected involvement in the Skripal attack.

Investigative Journalism website, Bellingcat, has revealed the name of the second man suspected of carrying out the poisoning in Salisbury in March. Russian military doctor, Alexander Mishkin, is accused of carrying out the assassination attempt on Sergei and Yulia Skripal.

He joins Anatoliy Chepiga who was named as the first suspect by Bellingcat last month however Russia denies all claims made by the website. Mishkin was travelling under the alias Alexander Petrov when he travelled to the UK to allegedly carry out the attack. Moreover, Mishkin was revealed to be an agent working for Russian Intelligence, the GRU.

Conservative MP Bob Seely, a member of the Commons Foreign Affairs Committee said: “It is appalling that a medical doctor appears to have been part of a team of GRU operatives”

“Whilst this operation has been a botched embarrassment for the Kremlin from beginning to end, it’s worth remembering that we may not know about the GRU’s successful operations.”

Bellingcat made the discovery after looking over testimonies from people Mishkin knew and a scanned photo of his passport. The journalist working on the story had to dig significantly deeper to uncover Mishkin as he did not leave as much digital evidence to his identity or whereabouts as Chepiga.

Forensic tent at The_Maltings,Salisbury in March credit to Peter Curbishley.jpg

Forensic tent at The Maltings, Salisbury in March. Photo credit to Peter Curbishley.

Russia have officially commented that the two men were in Salisbury as tourists but this has been undermined by mounting evidence suggesting these men were highly-trained government agents. With the revelation of the second suspect, questions have been raised at the relative ease of uncovering intelligence officer’s identities.


Germany’s two largest parties begin to form coalition

Four months of stalemate have resulted in a German coalition Government, according to media reports.

Germany’s September elections proved inconclusive, as a coalition has not been agreed between the centre-left Social Democrats (SPD) and Chancellor Merkel’s Conservatives (CDU/CSU).

Thought to be the last major stumbling block to government, the agreement on distributing ministries comes after intense negotiations since Tuesday.

Whilst healthcare and workers’ rights are points still to be settled upon, the non stop talks are expected to end with a coalition.

Previously the SPD leader Martin Schulz had ruled out entering Government with Merkel’s CDU and its’ sister party CSU.

Whilst a government could be in place by Easter, the SPD’s 460,00 members will have final say on a coalition government in a postal vote in the next few weeks.

Within the SPD a opposition group to coalition are calling themselves NoGroKo (no grand coalition).

Far-right party Alternative for Germany (AFD) became the third biggest political force in the country winning 94 seats in September.

Trump declares North Korea ‘State Sponsor’ of Terrorism

In a series of measures toughing down on North Korea, US President Donald Trump has put North Korea back on the list of countries that are believed to have continually provided support for acts of international terrorism.

Stating his intentions in a cabinet meeting yesterday, Trump also announced that it would mean ‘very large’ sanctions would be imposed upon the country. Today, both South Korea and Japan declared their approval to the move stating that it put North Korea under more pressure to stop their nuclear programme.

Yesterday, a special security adviser to the South Korean president told local reporters that the measure seemed more ”symbolic than substance”.

It comes a week after Trump returned from a 12-day trip to Asia with North Korea’s nuclear capabilities the focus of his attention. North Korea joins three other nations — Iran, Sudan and Syria — on the State Department’s list of state sponsors of terrorism. North Korea was first added to the list in 1988, and then removed in 2008 as part of negotiations with the US government of George W Bush.

US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson pointed to the assassination of Kim Jong Nam, the half-brother of his brother and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, as a key factor in North Korea being placed back on the list. He did also concede that they were ‘largely symbolic’ compared to the level of sanctions already in action against North Korea.

Tillerson has said that he still hopes for a peaceful resolution, but it is expected that this news will setback talks between the two countries as regards the nuclear disarmament of North Korea.

President Trump spoke of the death of Otto Warmbier, the American college student who died on returning to the US after lengthy imprisonment in North Korea, as well as “the countless others so brutally affected by the North Korean oppression.”

North Korea continue to defy the numerous sanctions that have been imposed upon them by the UN Security Council.


New research shows emotional impact of diabetes

Today marks World Diabetes Day. This was first started in 1991 jointly by the International Diabetes Federation and the World Health Organisation.


Research unveiled today by Diabetes UK has highlighted the emotional and mental issues that comes with diabetes.


”Out of 8,500 people surveyed, three in five five said that their condition made them feel down, and only three in ten said that they felt in control of their diabetes.”


The charity has called upon the UK Government to radically improve health outcomes for people with the illness. This will by committing to sustain funding at current levels of £44 million, until at least 2021.


The chief executive of Diabetes UK, Chris Askew, spoke of the importance of being able to help sufferers with the emotional consequences of the condition:


“Effective diabetes care requires that a person’s emotional needs are taken into account alongside their physical care needs,” said Chris Askew, Chief Executive of Diabetes UK.


Diabetes is a lifelong incurable condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to go too high, of which there are two main types:


Type 1 diabetes is typically developed in childhood, and is due to a lack of insulin which means the body cannot control the amount of sugar that is in the bloodstream. In most cases of treatment, regular injections of insulin are required to help regulate blood sugar levels.


Type 2, the most common type, is where the body does not make enough insulin to work properly or when the body doesn’t react to insulin.

For more information on the symptoms, causes and further treatment of both types of diabetes.



Insulin allows the cells in the muscles, fat and liver to absorb sugar that is in the blood.
Source: Flickr


Diabetes is a key factor in causing disability and creates a greater risk of heart diseases and other health issues. The 2016 Scottish Diabetes Survey estimates that there were around 300,000 people in Scotland with diabetes at the end of 2016.


The main theme behind World Diabetes Day 2017 is Women and Diabetes, about broadening access for women for the healthcare options that they need. According to the International Federation for Diabetes:


‘’There are currently over 199 million women living with diabetes and this total is projected to increase to 313 million by 2040.’’


The IDF believe that more needs to be done to provide girls and women with the support they need in societies where men tend to find getting support easier and quicker, as well as tackling other inequalities such as dieting and physical activity.

EN4 News – International belt

Check out our roundup of today’s international news:

Live: American 2016 election aftermath



Google’s breakdown of the election.

Donald Trump has been elected as the President of the United States and pledges ‘to do a great job’ in his new position. Join us live as we report the reactions from around the globe.


World leaders send Trump their congratulations.

British Prime Minister Theresa May has commended Donald Trump on his triumph following the presidential elections.

The president of Russia Vladimir Putin has sent Trump a telegram today. Russian media reports Putin hopes for both men to work together on improving US-Russian relations.


Scotland’s First Minister releases her statement on the result.

Nicola Sturgeon discusses the outcome of the election and ensures ‘the ties that bind Scotland and the US… are deep and longstanding and they will always endure.’



Obama calls Trump

ABC News reports Donald Trump and President Obama have spoken via telephone and will meet soon.


Stocks, dollar and peso begin to steady this morning.

Having plunged throughout the night, world stocks, the U.S dollar and Mexican peso have started to rebalance following Donald Trump’s winning speech.


Wall Street predicted to plummet in three hours once trading commences. 

Investors fear Trump’s success will result in worldwide economic and trade chaos. The Dow Jones industrial average is anticipated to drop by over 374 points.


Iranian president criticises US integrity. 

Hassan Rouhani, president of Iran, has retaliated to the president-elect Trump by stating the win would not alter the United States’ credibility within “the international community” as it has already “diminished”.


Donald Trump updates his Twitter bio.

Finishing with 276 electoral votes over Clinton, Trump has made it Twitter official by updating his bio to say ‘president-elect of the United States.’


Screen Shot 2016-11-09 at 12.35.33.png



Hillary Clinton is set to speak in New York today.

Reuters has reported runner-up Hillary Clinton is set to carry out her concession speech at 9:30am EST in New York.



South African Policemen Convicted of Murder

Credit to Bob Adams (Flickr)

Credit to Bob Adams (Flickr)

A judge in Pretoria has sentenced eight police officers to 15 years in prison for the murder of taxi driver Mido Macia.

The Mozambican taxi driver was killed in February 2013, after being tied to the back of a police van by his arms before being driven around the streets of East Johannesburg. Police originally pulled over Mr Macia after he was said to have parked his vehicle illegally, and after a brief struggle they then proceeded to tie him to their van. He was found in a pool of his own blood in a cell.

The men sentenced were aged between 25 and 56, and their lawyer has said that they will appeal against the murder conviction. When sentencing the men, Judge Bert Bam is said to have labelled the killings “barbaric”, however he recognized that the killings were not intentional.

Police brutality continues to be a problem throughout South Africa, with this incident following the Marikana killings of 2012, which saw police shoot dead 34 miners.

Protesters Gather in Kabul Following Hazara Killings

Credit to ABC Open Riverland (Flickr)

Credit to ABC Open Riverland (Flickr)

Security forces have fired warning shots on protesters who have marched through the Afghan capital of Kabul, following the murder of seven people from the Hazara ethnic minority.

The march was made up of thousands of civilians, and marched through the city, ending at the presidential palace. A number of protesters tried to scale a building nearby the palace, resulting in the security forces firing a number of warning shots.

The murders of the Hazara’s are said to be ethnically motivated, and some of the victims are said to have had their throats cut. The bodies were found in a province which has recently seen an increase in fighting with the Taliban, although it is not apparent whether these deaths can be linked to the militant group.

However, a number of protesters shouted “Death to the Taliban”, and carried the coffins of the victims through the capital.

British Man Facing Lashes Returns to UK

Karl Andree, the British man who was faced with lashes in Saudi Arabia, has returned to the UK

Andree, 74 was sentenced to receive 350 lashes after Saudi police found homemade alcohol in the boot of his car. Alcohol is illegal in the country.

Andree’s family had appealed to the British and Saudi Arabian Governments for his sentence to be repealed citing his age and medical status.

Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond traveled to Riyadh last month to discuss the situation with King Salman. After positive discussion it was decided Andree would be released and extraditing to the UK.

Mr Hammond thanked the Saudi government and said he was pleased the two countries had been able to “overcome a difficult issue like this.”

In a poignant appeal last month, Andree’s grandchildren pleaded for his release by video, which received massive coverage online via Facebook and Twitter.

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